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Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It is a light, strong, lustrous, corrosion-resistant (including to sea water and chlorine) transition metal with a grayish color. Titanium can be alloyed with iron, aluminium, vanadium, molybdenum, among other elements, to produce strong lightweight alloys for aerospace (jet engines, missiles, and spacecraft), military, industrial process (chemicals and petro-chemicals, desalination plants, pulp and paper), automotive, agri-food, medical (prostheses, orthopaedic implants, dental implants), sporting goods, jewelry, and other applications. Titanium was discovered in England by William Gregor in 1791 and named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth for the Titans of Greek mythology.

The element occurs within a number of mineral deposits, principally rutile and ilmenite, which are widely distributed in the Earth's crust and lithosphere, and it is found in almost all living things, rocks, water bodies and soils. The metal is extracted from its principal mineral ores via the Kroll process, or the Hunter process. Its most common compound, titanium dioxide, is used in the manufacture of white pigments. Other compounds include titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) (used in smoke screens/skywriting and as a catalyst) and titanium trichloride (used as a catalyst in the production of polypropylene).

SymbolTiDensity (25°C)/gcm34.5
Atomic number22Melting point /°C1667
No. of naturally occurring isotopes5Boiling point /°C3285
Atomic weight47.88ΔHfus/kJmol-118.8
Electronic configuration[Ar]3d24s2ΔHvap/kJmol-1425(+/-11)
Metal radius/pm147ΔHf(monoatomic gas)/kJmol-1469(+/-4)
Ionic radius(6-coordinate)/pm IV60.5Ionization energy/kJmol-1 I658
Ionic radius(6-coordinate)/pm III67Ionization energy/kJmol-1 II1310
Ionic radius(6-coordinate)/pm II86Ionization energy/kJmol-1 III2651
Electrical resistivity (20°C)/μohm cm42Electronegativity χ1.5
Temperature (oC) @Vap. PressureTechniquesRemarks
10-8 Torr10-6 Torr10-4 TorrElectron BeamCrucibleCoilBoat
106712351453ExcellentTiC-TungstenAlloys with refractory metals; evolves gas on first heating.

Sputtering Targets
Matierial SymbolAtomic Number     Thermal Conductivity         Theoretical Density 
W/m.K           g/cc
Evaporation Materials
Matierial SymbolAtomic Number     Thermal Conductivity         Theoretical Density 
Ti ( pellets )Ti2221.94.5

Below is the periodic table of chemical elements.The elements in red are the ones Nexteck's product contain. Click them, you will come to the details.


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